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Christchurch is a city on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The city derives its name from the College Christ Church, University of Oxford, England. Maori name for the city is Otautahi by Tautahi chief who ruled a village in the area.
Christchurch is the largest city and administrative center of the Canterbury Region. It is located in the southern end of Pegasus Bay, right on the east coast of the South Island. To the south lies the Peninsula Banks Peninsula and the north plain area Canterbury Plains. The official "city" defined in the east to the Pacific and wetlands of the rivers Avon River and Heathcote River. In the south and southeast is the volcanic hills, Port Hills, which flank the city. Officially the city limits is the Waimakariri River in the north, but the urban area extends slightly past it.

The many parks and well-maintained private gardens have earned it the nickname "The Garden City" or "Garden City".

Most of the city is flat and only a few meters above sea level. High-rise Residents therefore have fantastic views of what looks more like a forest with some tall buildings than a larger city.

The city's center is Cathedral Square Cathedral Square, located in front of the Anglican Christ Church Cathedral.

The 4th September 2010, the city was hit by a major earthquake of 7.1 momentmagnituder. The earthquake struck at 4.35 in the morning and caused major damage. The epicenter was about 40 kilometers west of the city center, 10 km south-east of Darfield.

A new earthquake measuring 6.3 hit the area on 22 February 2011 and left major damage and many casualties.
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